ICR2020 logo ICR2020 - 18th International Congress on Rheology
13-18 December 2020 - Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Abstract Submission and Update

To format characters and paragraphs to be displayed on a web browser, you need to use HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) codes. Most HTML codes come in pairs. For example, to apply bold face to the word rheology, one will type <b>rheology</b>. Note that the pair of codes encloses the item to be formatted. The only difference between the starting code and the ending code is the forward slash (/) in the ending code.

Listed below are the HTML codes that you can use to format your text. HTML codes not listed will be filtered out. The filtering module will recognize the allowed HTML codes in either lower case or upper case, but not in mixed case. For example, <sub> or <SUB> will work but <Sub>, <SUb>, <SuB>, <sUb>, <sUB>, or <suB> will not.

Character Formatting

Bold Face
  Type <b>chemical</b> to get chemical.
Italic Face
Type <i>biological</i> to get biological.
Underline
Type <u>engineering</u> to get engineering.
Superscript
Type x<sup>3</sup> to get x3.
Subscript
Type y<sub>4</sub> to get y4.
Combination of Character Formatting
Type <u><i><b>molecular</b></i></u> to get molecular.
Greek Characters
Below are the HTML codes for the Greek charactes. Each code starts with an ampersand (&) and ends with a semicolon (;).
 
Display Description Friendly Code Decimal Code
Α alpha (uppercase) &Alpha; &#913;
α alpha (lowercase) &alpha; &#945;
Β beta (uppercase) &Beta; &#914;
β beta (lowercase) &beta; &#946;
Γ gamma (uppercase) &Gamma; &#915;
γ gamma (lowercase) &gamma; &#947;
Δ delta (uppercase) &Delta; &#916;
δ delta (lowercase) &delta; &#948;
Ε epsilon (uppercase) &Epsilon; &#917;
ε epsilon (lowercase) &epsilon; &#949;
Ζ zeta (uppercase) &Zeta; &#918;
ζ zeta (lowercase) &zeta; &#950;
Η eta (uppercase) &Eta; &#919;
η eta (lowercase) &eta; &#951;
Θ theta (uppercase) &Theta; &#920;
θ theta (lowercase) &theta; &#952;
Ι iota (uppercase) &Iota; &#921;
ι iota (lowercase) &iota; &#953;
Κ kappa (uppercase) &Kappa; &#922;
κ kappa (lowercase) &kappa; &#954;
Λ lambda (uppercase) &Lambda; &#923;
λ lambda (lowercase) &lambda; &#955;
Μ mu (uppercase) &Mu; &#924;
μ mu (lowercase) &mu; &#956;
Ν nu (uppercase) &Nu; &#925;
ν nu (lowercase) &nu; &#957;
Ξ xi (uppercase) &Xi; &#926;
ξ xi (lowercase) &xi; &#958;
Ο omicron (uppercase) &Omicron; &#927;
ο omicron (lowercase) &omicron; &#959;
Π pi (uppercase) &Pi; &#928;
π pi (lowercase) &pi; &#960;
Ρ rho (uppercase) &Rho; &#929;
ρ rho (lowercase) &rho; &#961;
Σ sigma (uppercase) &Sigma; &#931;
σ sigma (lowercase) &sigma; &#963;
ς sigma (lowercase final)   &#962;
Τ tau (upper case) &Tau; &#932;
τ tau (lower case) &tau; &#964;
Υ upsilon (uppercase) &Upsilon; &#933;
υ upsilon (lowercase) &upsilon; &#965;
Φ phi (uppercase) &Phi; &#934;
φ phi (lowercase) &phi; &#966;
Χ chi (uppercase) &Chi; &#935;
χ chi (lowercase) &chi; &#967;
Ψ psi (uppercase) &Psi; &#936;
ψ psi (lowercase) &psi; &#968;
Ω omega (uppercase) &Omega; &#937;
ω omega (lowercase) &omega; &#969;

Mathematical Characters
  Below are the HTML codes for mathematical charactes. Each code starts with an ampersand (&) and ends with a semicolon (;).

Display Description Friendly Code Decimal Code
minus sign   &#8722;
+ plus sign + &#43;
± plus or minus sign &plusmn; &#177;
× muliplication sign &times; &#215;
÷ division sign &divide; &#247;
% percent sign % &#37;
per million sign   &#137;
= equal sign = &#61;
not equal to sign   &#8800;
approximately equal sign   &#8776;
identical to sign   &#8801;
< less than sign &lt; &#60;
> greater than sign &gt; &#62;
less than or equal to sign   &#8804;
greater than or equal to sign   &#8805;
infinitysign   &#8734;
one eight fraction   &#8539;
¼ one quarter fraction &frac14; &#188;
three eights fraction   &#8540;
½ one half fracton &frac12; &#189;
five eights fraction   &#8541;
¾ three quarters fraction &frac34; &#190;
seven eights fraction   &#8542;
integral sign   &#8747;
partial differential sign   &#8706;
increment sign   &#8710;
n-ary product sign   &#8719;
n-ary sum sign   &#8721;
square root sign   &#8730;
right angle sign   &#8735;
intersecton sign   &#8745;
bullet opertor   &#8729;
ƒ function sign   &#131;
fraction slash   &#8260;

Paragraph Formatting

Line Break
 

Enter <br> at the location where you want the line break.
For example, type ... end of previous line.<br>Start to next line ... to get

... end of previous line.
Start of next line ...

The line break <br> is one of rare HTML codes that do not come in pairs.

Paragraph

Enclose a new paragraph with <p> ... </p>.
For example, type <p>Start of new paragraph ... end of paragraph.</p> to get

Start of new paragraph ...
... end of paragraph.

Bulleted List

Use <ul><li> ... </li></ul> to create a bulleted list. Start the list with <ul> and end the list with </ul>. Enclose each item in the list with the <li></li> pair.
For example, type <ul><li>Item 1 ... </li><li>Item 2 ...</li><li>Item 3 ... </li></ul> to get

  • Item 1 ...
  • Item 2 ...
  • Item 3 ...
Numbered List

Use <ol><li> ... </li></ol> to create a numbered list. Start the list with <ol> and end the list with </ol>. Enclose each item in the list with the <li></li> pair.
For example, type <ol><li>Item 1 ... </li><li>Item 2 ...</li><li>Item 3 ... </li></ol> to get

  1. Item 1 ...
  2. Item 2 ...
  3. Item 3 ...